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'''CETTE PAGE EST ICI POUR QUE CHACUN PUISSE TESTER DU CONTENU ETC.'''
 
'''CETTE PAGE EST ICI POUR QUE CHACUN PUISSE TESTER DU CONTENU ETC.'''
  
Youpi. Testons tous du contenu en choeur. blablabla test
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Youpi. Testons tous du contenu en choeur.
 
 
$$
 
  \sum f(x) = F(x) + g(x)
 
$$
 
 
 
 
 
The following tables provide a '''comparison of [[computer algebra system]]s''' (CAS).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sigsam.org/software/index.phtml |title=Computer Algebra Software |work=Special Interest Group on Symbolic and Algebraic Manipulation |publisher=Association for Computing Machinery |date=11 July 2008 |accessdate=16 November 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.computeralgebra.nl/systems_and_packages/systems_and_packages.html |title=Systems and Packages |publisher=Computer Algebra Information Network |date=7 May 1998 |accessdate=17 November 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=SAC Systems Listing |url=http://www.symbolicnet.org/systems/Systems.html |publisher=SymbolicNet |accessdate=17 November 2012}}</ref> A CAS is a package comprising a set of algorithms for performing symbolic manipulations on algebraic objects, a language to implement them, and an environment in which to use the language.<ref>{{cite book|last=Aladjev|first=V.Z.|title=Computer algebra systems : a new software toolbox for Maple|year=2004|publisher=Fultus Books|location=[S.l.]|isbn=9781596820005|pages=9}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|last=Labahn|first=K.O. Geddes ; S.R. Czapor ; G.|title=Algorithms for computer algebra|year=1999|publisher=Kluwer|location=Boston|isbn=9780792392590|pages=xv|edition=6. pr.}}</ref> A CAS may include a user interface and graphics capability; and to be effective may require a large library of algorithms, efficient data structures and a fast kernel.<ref>{{cite book|last=Gerhard|first=Joachim von Zur Gathen ; Jürgen|title=Modern computer algebra|year=2003|publisher=Cambridge Univ. Press|location=Cambridge|isbn=9780521826464|pages=4|edition=2.}}</ref>
 
 
 
==General==
 
{| class="wikitable" style="font-size: smaller; text-align: center; width: auto;" class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-
 
! style="width: 12em" | System
 
! Creator
 
! Development started
 
! First public release
 
! Latest stable release
 
! Cost ([[United States dollar|USD]])
 
! License
 
! Notes
 
|-
 
! [[Axiom (computer algebra system)|Axiom]]
 
| Tim Daly
 
| 1971
 
| 2002
 
| {{dts|2012|05}}
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{free|modified [[BSD licenses|BSD license]]}}
 
| General purpose CAS. The first one with strong typing for mathematical expressions
 
|-
 
! [[CoCoA System|CoCoA]]
 
| The CoCoA Team
 
| 1987
 
| 1995
 
| {{dts|2007}} (4.7.3)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| Specialized CAS for [[commutative algebra]]
 
|-
 
! [[Derive (computer algebra system)|Derive]]
 
| Soft Warehouse
 
| 1979
 
| 1988
 
| {{dts|2007|11}} (6.1)
 
| Discontinued
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| CAS designed for pocket calculators; it was discontinued in 2007
 
|-
 
! [[Euler (software)|Euler Math Toolbox]]
 
| R. Grothmann
 
| 1987
 
| 1988
 
| {{dts|2011}} (12.3)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| Numerical software linked to [[Maxima (software)|Maxima]]
 
|-
 
! [[Fermat (computer algebra system)|Fermat]]
 
| Robert H. Lewis
 
| 1986
 
| 1993
 
| {{dts|2010}} (3.9.9x)
 
| $60 if grant money available, otherwise $0
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| Specialized CAS for [[resultant]] computation and [[linear algebra]] with [[polynomial]] entries
 
|-
 
! [[FORM (symbolic manipulation system)|FORM]]
 
| J.A.M. Vermaseren
 
| 1984
 
| 1989
 
| 4.0
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| CAS designed mainly for [[particle physics]]
 
|-
 
! [[GAP computer algebra system|GAP]]
 
| GAP Group
 
| 1986
 
| 1986
 
| {{dts|2013}} (4.6.2)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| Specialized CAS for [[group theory]] and [[combinatorics]]. Subpackage of Sage<ref name=sagepack>[http://www.sagemath.org/links-components.html Sage components]</ref>
 
|-
 
! [[KANT (mathematics)|KANT/KASH]]
 
| KANT Group
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| KASH3 (2005/2008)
 
| {{free|free for non-commercial use}}
 
| own license
 
| Specialized CAS for [[algebraic number theory]]
 
|-
 
! [[LiveMath]]<br/>(formerly Theorist)
 
| Math Monkeys
 
| ?
 
| 1991
 
| {{dts|2007}} (3.5.9)
 
| $149, $45 student (1 year)
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| Numerical software for interactive solving and mathematical graphing
 
|-
 
! [[Macaulay2]]
 
| Daniel Grayson and Michael Stillman
 
| 1992
 
| 1994
 
| {{dts|2010}} (1.4)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| Specialized CAS for [[algebraic geometry]] and [[commutative algebra]]
 
|-
 
! [[Macsyma]]
 
| [[MIT Project MAC]] and [[Symbolics]]
 
| 1968
 
| 1978
 
| {{dts|1999}} (2.4)
 
| $500
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| The oldest general purpose CAS. Was the state of the art during almost 20 years. Still alive as [[Maxima (software)|Maxima]]
 
|-
 
! [[Magma computer algebra system|Magma]]
 
| [[University of Sydney]]
 
| ~1990
 
| 1993
 
| {{dts|2011}} (2.17)
 
| $1,150
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| General purpose CAS, originally specialized in [[group theory]]. Works with elements of [[algebraic structure]]s rather than with non typed [[expression (mathematics)|mathematical expressions]]
 
|-
 
! [[Maple (software)|Maple]]
 
| Symbolic Computation Group, [[University of Waterloo]]
 
| 1980
 
| 1984
 
| {{dts|2012}} (16)
 
| $2,275 (Commercial), $2,155 (Government), $1245(Academic), $239 (Personal Edition), $99 (Student), $79 (Student, 12-Month term)<ref>{{cite web | url=https://webstore.maplesoft.com | title=Maplesoft Web Store | accessdate=2011-10-21}}</ref>
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| One of the major general purpose CAS
 
|-
 
! [[Mathcad]]
 
| [[Parametric Technology Corporation]]
 
| 1985
 
| 1985
 
| {{dts|2010}} (15)
 
| $1,195<ref>{{cite web | url=http://store.ptc.com | title=Parametric Technology Corporation Web Store | accessdate=2008-06-28}}</ref>
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
|  [[Numerical software]] with some CAS capabilities
 
|-
 
! [[Mathematica]]
 
| [[Wolfram Research]]
 
| 1986
 
| 1988
 
| {{dts|2012}} (9.0.0)
 
| $2,495 (Professional), $1095 (Education), $140 (Student), $69.95 (Student annual license) <ref>{{cite web | url=http://store.wolfram.com | title=Wolfram Worldwide Web Store | accessdate=2008-11-20}}</ref> $295 (Personal)<ref>[http://www.macworld.com/article/138664/2009/02/mathematica.html Mathematica Home Edition Released] Macworld, Feb 2009</ref>
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| One of the major general purpose CAS
 
|-
 
! [[Mathomatic]]
 
| George Gesslein II
 
| 1986
 
| 1987
 
| {{dts|2012}} (16.0.5)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{free|[[LGPL]]}}
 
| [[Elementary algebra]], [[calculus]], [[complex number]] and [[polynomial]] manipulations.
 
|-
 
! [[Maxima (software)|Maxima]]
 
| [[MIT Project MAC]] and [[Bill Schelter]] et al.
 
| 1967
 
| 1998
 
| {{dts|2012}} (5.28)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| General purpose CAS. Continuation of [[Macsyma]]. Subpackage of Sage.<ref name=sagepack />
 
|-
 
! [[MuMATH]]
 
| Soft Warehouse
 
| 1970s
 
| 1980
 
| MuMATH-83
 
| Discontinued
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| Predecessor of [[Derive (computer algebra system)|Derive]]
 
|-
 
! [[MuPAD]]
 
| SciFace Software
 
| 1989
 
| 2008
 
| {{dts|2008}} (5.1)
 
| Discontinued
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| [[MathWorks]] has incorporated MuPAD technology into Symbolic Math Toolbox
 
|-
 
! [[Axiom (computer algebra system)#Software forks|OpenAxiom]]
 
| Gabriel Dos Reis
 
| 2007
 
| 2007
 
| {{dts|2011}} (1.4.1)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{free|modified [[BSD licenses|BSD license]]}}
 
| General purpose CAS, the first one to have a strong typing for mathematical objects and expressions
 
|-
 
! [[PARI/GP]]
 
| [[Henri Cohen (number theorist)|Henri Cohen]], Karim Belabas, Bill Allombert et al.
 
| 1985
 
| 1990
 
| {{dts|2012}} (2.5.1)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| Specialized CAS for [[Number theory]]. A major reference in this domain. Subpackage of Sage.<ref name=sagepack />
 
|-
 
! [[Reduce (computer algebra system)|Reduce]]
 
| Anthony C. Hearn
 
| 1960s
 
| 1968
 
| {{dts|2009}}
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{free|modified [[BSD licenses|BSD license]]}}
 
| Historically important general purpose CAS. Still alive, as open-sourced and freed in December 2008
 
|-
 
! [[Sage (mathematics software)|Sage]]
 
| [[William A. Stein]]
 
| 2005
 
| 2005
 
| {{dts|2013}} (5.8)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| Mathematics software system combining a number of existing packages, including [[computer algebra]], [[numerical computation]], [[statistics]] and [[image processing]]
 
|-
 
! [[SINGULAR]]
 
| [[University of Kaiserslautern]]
 
| 1984
 
| 1997
 
| {{dts|2012}} (3.1.5)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| computer algebra system for polynomial computations, with special emphasis on [[commutative algebra|commutative]] and [[non-commutative algebra]], [[algebraic geometry]], and [[singularity theory]].
 
|-
 
! Symbolic [[MATLAB]] Toolbox
 
| [[MathWorks]]
 
| 1989
 
| 2008
 
| {{dts|2011}} (5.7(2011b))
 
| $2900 including required [[MATLAB]]
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| Provides tools for solving and manipulating symbolic math expressions and performing variable-precision arithmetic.
 
|-
 
! [[SymbolicC++]]
 
| W.-H. Steeb
 
| 1997
 
| 1997
 
| {{dts|2009}} (3.29)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| C++ -based
 
|-
 
! [https://github.com/dharmatech/Symbolism Symbolism]
 
| E. Cavazos
 
| 2012
 
| 2013
 
| 2013
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{free|modified [[BSD license]]}}
 
| C# library for automatic simplification of algebraic expressions
 
|-
 
! [[SymPy]]
 
| Ondřej Čertík
 
| 2006
 
| 2007
 
| {{dts|2012}} (0.7.2)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{free|modified [[BSD license]]}}
 
| Python-based
 
|-
 
! [[TI-Nspire]] CAS (Computer Software)
 
| [[Texas Instruments]]
 
| 2006
 
| 2009
 
| 3.1.0.392
 
|
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| Successor to Derive. Based on Derive's engine used in TI-89/Voyager 200 and TI-Nspire handheld
 
|-
 
! [[Wolfram Alpha]]
 
| [[Wolfram Research]]
 
|
 
| 2009
 
| 2012
 
| Pro version: $4.99 / month, Pro version for students: $2.99 / month, Regular version free.
 
| {{proprietary}}
 
| Online [[computer algebra system]] with step-by step solutions.
 
|-
 
! [[Xcas]]
 
| Bernard Parisse
 
| 2004
 
| 2008
 
| {{dts|2011}} (0.9.4)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
| Compatible modes for maple, mupad and TI89 syntax. Symbolic spreadsheets, Giac library for use with other programs. ARM ports for some PDAs with Linux or [[WinCE]]<ref>{{cite web
 
|url=http://www-fourier.ujf-grenoble.fr/~parisse/install_en#xcaswince
 
|title=Xcas ARM
 
|accessdate=2010-10-12
 
|format=
 
|work=
 
}}</ref>
 
|-
 
! [[Yacas]]
 
| Ayal Pinkus et al.
 
| 1998<ref>{{cite web | url=http://yacas.sourceforge.net/homepage.html?recent.html&newdesign.html | title=Big changes ahead for Yacas | accessdate=2011-04-19}}</ref>
 
| ?
 
| {{dts|2012}} (1.3.3)
 
| {{free}}
 
| {{GPL-lic}}
 
|
 
|- class="sortbottom"
 
! style="width: 12em"|
 
! Creator
 
! Development started
 
! First public release
 
! Latest stable version
 
! Cost ([[United States dollar|USD]])
 
! License
 
! Notes
 
|}
 
 
 
These computer algebra systems are sometimes combined with "front end" programs that provide a nice user interface, such as the general-purpose [[GNU TeXmacs]].
 
 
 
===Functionality===
 
Below is a summary of significantly developed <i>symbolic</i> functionality in each of the systems.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="font-size: smaller; text-align: center; width: auto;"
 
|-
 
! rowspan="2" | System
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Formula editor]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Arbitrary precision]]
 
! colspan="2" | [[Calculus]]
 
 
 
! colspan="5" | [[Solver (computer science)|Solvers]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Graph theory]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Number theory]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Quantifier elimination]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Boolean algebra (logic)|Boolean algebra]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Tensors]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Probability]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Control theory]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Coding theory]]
 
! rowspan="2" | [[Group theory]]
 
|-
 
|style="text-align: center"| [[Integral|Integration]]
 
|style="text-align: center"| [[Integral transform]]s
 
|style="text-align: center"| [[Equation]]s
 
|style="text-align: center"| [[Inequalities]]
 
|style="text-align: center"| [[Diophantine equation]]s
 
|style="text-align: center"| [[Differential equation]]s
 
|style="text-align: center"| [[Recurrence relation]]s
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Axiom (computer algebra system)|Axiom]]
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Magma computer algebra system|Magma]]
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Maple (software)|Maple]]
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Mathcad]]
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Mathematica]]
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}<ref>[http://reference.wolfram.com/mathematica/guide/SymbolicTensors.html Symbolic Tensors] Mathematica Documentation</ref>
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Mathomatic]]
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! Symbolic [[MATLAB]] toolbox
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Maxima (software)|Maxima]]
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[Sage (mathematics software)|Sage]]
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
 
 
! [[SymPy]]
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
! [[Wolfram Alpha]]
 
| Pro version only
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
|-
 
! [[Yacas]]
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
|-
 
! [[Xcas]]
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| ?
 
| ?
 
| {{no}}
 
| ?
 
|}
 
 
 
===Operating system support===
 
The software can run under their respective [[operating system]]s natively without [[emulator|emulation]]. Some systems must be compiled first using an appropriate compiler for the source language and target platform.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="font-size: smaller; text-align: center; width: auto;" class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-
 
! style="width: 12em" | System
 
! [[Microsoft Windows|Windows]]
 
! [[Mac OS X]]
 
! [[Linux]]
 
! [[Berkeley Software Distribution|BSD]]
 
! [[Solaris (operating system)|Solaris]]
 
! Other
 
|-
 
! [[Axiom computer algebra system|Axiom]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[CoCoA System|CoCoA]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| [[Tru64 UNIX]], [[HP-UX]], [[IRIX]]
 
|-
 
! [[Derive (computer algebra system)|Derive]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Euler (software)|Euler]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Fermat (computer algebra system)|Fermat]]
 
| {{No|[[Cygwin]]}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[FORM (symbolic manipulation system)|FORM]]
 
| {{No|[[Cygwin]]}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[GAP computer algebra system|GAP]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[KANT (mathematics)|KANT/KASH]]
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{yes}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
| {{no}}
 
|-
 
! [[Macaulay2]]
 
| {{No|[[Cygwin]]}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Magma computer algebra system|Magma]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Maple (software)|Maple]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
|-
 
! [[Mathcad]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
|-
 
! [[Mathematica]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
|-
 
! [[Mathomatic]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| Android, and all [[POSIX]] platforms
 
|-
 
! [[Maxima (software)|Maxima]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| All POSIX platforms with [[Common Lisp]]
 
|-
 
! [[MuMATH]]
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[MuPAD]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[OpenAxiom]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[PARI/GP]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Reduce (computer algebra system)|Reduce]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Sage (mathematics software)|Sage]]
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| [[VMware]] image for MS-Windows users
 
|-
 
! [[SINGULAR]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[SymbolicC++]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! Symbolic [[MATLAB]] toolbox
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[SymPy]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| Any system that supports [[Python (programming language)|Python]]
 
|-
 
! [[TI-Nspire]] (desktop software)
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{No}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Xcas]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|-
 
! [[Yacas]]
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{Yes}}
 
| {{?}}
 
|}
 
 
 
==Graphing calculators==
 
 
 
Some [[graphing calculator]]s have CAS features.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="font-size: smaller; text-align: center; width: auto;"
 
|-
 
! style="width: 12em" | System
 
! Creator
 
! Development started
 
! First public release
 
! Latest stable version
 
! Cost ([[United States dollar|USD]])
 
! Notes
 
|-
 
! [[Casio graphic calculators#9850 series (9750/9850/9950/9970)|Casio CFX-9970G]]
 
| [[Casio|CASIO Computer Co.]]
 
| {{?}}
 
| 1998
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
! [[Casio graphic calculators#Algebra FX series|Casio Algebra FX 2.0]]
 
| CASIO Computer Co.
 
| {{?}}
 
| 1999
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
! [[Casio ClassPad 330]]<br/>Casio ClassPad Manager
 
| CASIO Computer Co.
 
| {{?}}
 
| 2003
 
| 3.04.5000
 
| $140
 
| ClassPad Manager is an emulator which runs on a PC.
 
|-
 
! [[HP-49 series|HP 49 series]]<br/>[[HP 50g]]
 
| [[Hewlett-Packard]]
 
| {{?}}
 
| 1999
 
| 2.15
 
| $110 and up
 
| Based on [http://www.hpcalc.org/details.php?id=1349 Erable]. Intended for problems which occur in engineering applications. Source code openly available.
 
|-
 
! [[TI-89]]
 
| [[Texas Instruments]]
 
| {{?}}
 
| 1996
 
| 2.09
 
| No longer in production
 
|
 
|-
 
! [[TI-89 Titanium]]
 
| Texas Instruments
 
| {{?}}
 
| 2004
 
| 3.10
 
| $150
 
|
 
|-
 
! [[TI-92]]
 
| Texas Instruments
 
| {{?}}
 
| 1995
 
| {{?}}
 
| No longer in production
 
|
 
|-
 
! [[TI-92 Plus]]
 
| Texas Instruments
 
| 1997
 
| 1998
 
| 2.09
 
| No longer in production
 
|
 
|-
 
! [[TI-Nspire CAS]]
 
| Texas Instruments
 
| 2006
 
| 2008
 
| 3.2.0
 
| $160
 
|
 
|-
 
! [[Voyage 200]]
 
| Texas Instruments
 
| 2001
 
| 2002
 
| 3.10
 
| $150
 
|
 
|-
 
! [http://www.zoommath.com/Products/ZoomMath300.php ZoomMath300]
 
| IQ Joe
 
| {{?}}
 
| ?
 
| 1.03
 
| $60
 
| [[TI-83]] and [[TI-84]] application that adds CAS capabilities. [[Proprietary software|Proprietary]]
 
|}
 
 
 
<references group="h" />
 
 
 
==See also==
 
*[[Mathematical software]]
 
*[[List of information graphics software]]
 
*[[List of numerical analysis software]]
 
*[[List of numerical libraries]]
 
*[[List of statistical packages]]
 
*[[Comparison of numerical analysis software]]
 
*[[Comparison of statistical packages]]
 
*[[Web-based simulation]]
 
 
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
 
 
==External links==
 
Lists of computer algebra systems:
 
* http://directory.google.com/Top/Science/Math/Algebra/Software/ {{Dead link|date=February 2012}}
 
* {{dmoz|Science/Math/Software|Math Software}}
 
* [http://www.cs.ru.nl/~freek/digimath/xindex.html Alphabetically sorted list compiled by Freed Wiedijk]
 
* [http://www.mat.univie.ac.at/~slc/divers/software.html Combinatorial Software and Databases] (Séminaire Lotharingien de Combinatoire)
 
* [http://orms.mfo.de/about ORMS] (Oberwolfach References on Mathematical Software)
 
 
 
Other:
 
* [http://hughesbennett.co.uk/Maxima Use Maxima in a web browser] without downloading any software
 
* [http://axiom-developer.org/axiom-website/rosetta.html Rosetta Translations: a collection of synonyms for various operations in the computer algebra systems]
 
 
 
{{Computer algebra systems}}
 
 
 
[[Category:Computer algebra systems| Comparison]]
 
[[Category:Mathematics-related lists|Computer algebra systems]]
 
[[Category:Comparisons of mathematical software|Computer algebra systems]]
 
 
 
[[Fichier:NSPNAV_AccessPoint_leftangled.png|400px|thumb|left|texte descriptif]]
 
 
 
halloazaz
 
 
 
test Infobox Logiciel
 
 
 
héhé
 
 
 
test omg
 
 
 
{{Infobox Logiciel
 
| nom                  = GIMP
 
| logo                = [[File:The GIMP icon - gnome.svg|64px|Wilber, the GIMP mascot]][[File:Gimp logo.png|Gimp]]
 
| screenshot          = [[File:GIMP 2.8 running on Ubuntu 12.04.png|250px]]
 
| legende              = GIMP, version 2.8 running on Ubuntu 12.04.
 
| développeur          = The GIMP Development Team
 
| sortie              = {{Start date and age|1996|1}}
 
| latest preview version = 2.7.5
 
| latest preview date    = {{Start date and age|2012|03|14}}
 
| latest release version = 2.8
 
| latest release date    = {{Start date and age|2012|05|03}}
 
| langage              = [[C (programming language)|C]] and [[GTK+]]
 
| os                  = [[AmigaOS 4]], [[FreeBSD]], [[Mac OS X]], [[Microsoft Windows]], [[Linux]], [[Solaris (operating system)|Solaris]]
 
| language count      = 77
 
| statut              = Active
 
| genre                = [[Raster graphics editor]]
 
| licence              = [[GNU Lesser General Public License|GNU LGPL]] v3+
 
| site                = {{URL|http://www.gimp.org/}}
 
}}
 

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